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From 1864 To 1870

5 min read
From 1864 To 1870

The art of the 19th century was marked by a number of important changes. The Romantic Movement led to a new emphasis on emotion and the imagination, while the rise of the middle class led to a new interest in realism and the everyday. The development of photography also had a major impact on the art of the time, as artists began to experiment with new ways of using this new technology.

A Woman Seated beside a Vase of Flowers (Madame Paul Valpinçon?)

French, Paris 1834–1917 Paris / The Met

    The juxtaposition of the prominent bouquet and the off-center figure, gazing distractedly to the right, exemplifies Degas's aim of capturing individuals in seemingly casual, slice-of-life views.
    The painting was preceded by a pencil drawing of the woman, also dated 1865.

Jalais Hill, Pontoise

French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris / The Met

    This view of Pontoise, just northwest of Paris, helped establish Pissarro's reputation as an innovative painter of the rural French landscape.

The Forest in Winter at Sunset

French, Paris 1812–1867 Barbizon / The Met

    This is a monumental forest scene.
    It was begun early in Rousseau's career and remained unfinished at the time of his death.
    It was intended to recreate the effect of a sunset he had seen in Bas-Bréau, a section of Fontainebleau forest, in December 1845.

The River

French, Lyons 1824–1898 Paris / The Met

    In this painting and Cider (on view at left), Puvis developed his conception for a mural honoring the French territory of Picardy.
    Here, men construct a bridge over the Somme River while women bathe and mend fishing nets.
    Their draperies provide vivid accents of color amid the soft hues of the landscape.
    The final versions of Cider and The River are part of a cycle decorating the Musée de Picardie in Amiens.
    In the 1890s, the museum honored Puvis with a bust designed by his good friend Auguste Rodin.
    A bronze cast of the bust is displayed close by.

The Rocky Path in the Morvan (Chemin des roches dans le Morvan)

French, Valenciennes 1819–1916 Saint-Privé / The Met

    Displayed in the Salon of 1869 in Paris, this impressive and variegated landscape was well-received in its day.
    Its size and style are considered unusual for the artist who typically favored more realistic landscapes on a diminutive scale.
    Painted in the Morvan region of central France, this landscape shows a rocky path that winds through a wooded river bank and is visited by leisurely figures.

The Woman in the Waves

French, Ornans 1819–1877 La Tour-de-Peilz / The Met

    In 1864-1868 Courbet undertook a series of paintings of the female nude.
    He could not have failed to witness the triumph of Alexandre Cabanel's Birth of Venus (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) at the Salon of 1863, along with the popularity of similar representations by Cabanel's fellow academicians.

Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania

American, Rossville, New York 1823–1900 Hastings-on-Hudson, New York / The Met

    This is an oil study for Cropsey's monumental "Valley of Wyoming" (66.113).
    The view is from a promontory called Inman's Hill, looking north across the valley, which is intersected by the Susquehanna River.
    In contrast to the large, elaborately detailed canvas, the present work was painted broadly and quickly.

View of Poestenkill, New York

From 14th Century To 15th Century

From 14th Century To 15th Century

During the 14th and 15th centuries, artists in Europe began to break away from the traditional Gothic style. They began to experiment with new techniques and styles, resulting in a period of great creativity and innovation in the arts. Some of the most famous artworks from this period include the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, and the sculptures of Donatello. Box with Romance Scenes     This coffret illustrated with scenes from Arthurian and other courtly literature of the M
-5 min read
From 1819 To 1826

From 1819 To 1826

The 19th century was a time of great change in the world of art. Artists began to experiment with new styles and media, and the art world was forever changed as a result. Some of the most famous artists of the time include Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Pablo Picasso. The Falls of Niagara     The painting is of Niagara Falls from the Canadian side.     The painting is based on a vignette of the falls from a map of North America published by Henry S. Tanner in 1822. Heroic Landscape w
-4 min read
From 1787 To 1800

From 1787 To 1800

The 18th century was a time of great change in the world of art. New styles and genres emerged, and artists began to experiment with new techniques and materials. The art of the 18th century reflected the changing times, and the growing interest in the natural world and the human form. Elizabeth Farren (born about 1759, died 1829), Later Countess of Derby     The Irish actress Elizabeth Farren made her London debut in 1777 and soon became one of the most popular comic performers of the day.  
-5 min read