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From 1870 To 1875

5 min read
From 1870 To 1875

In the 19th century, art history became a field of study in its own right for the first time. Art historians began to look at the history of art as a reflection of the history of society, and to study the relationship between art and politics, religion, and other aspects of culture.

The Dance Class

French, Paris 1834–1917 Paris / The Met

    This work and its variant in the Musee d'Orsay, Paris, represent the most ambitious paintings Degas devoted to the theme of the dance.
    Some twenty-four women, ballerinas and their mothers, wait while a dancer executes an "attitude" for her examination.
    Jules Perrot, a famous ballet master, conducts the class.

A Road in Louveciennes

French, Limoges 1841–1919 Cagnes-sur-Mer / The Met

    This picture, which is in effect drawn directly with paint, was almost certainly executed out-of-doors about 1870.
    The site is in the village of Louveciennes, west of Paris, where Camille Pissarro lived and worked in 1869-70 and was inspired to paint the same motif, but from a different vantage point (National Gallery, London).
    At the time, Renoir was staying nearby with his parents, who had retired to Voisins.

The Artist's Cousin, Probably Mrs. William Bell (Mathilde Musson, 1841–1878)

French, Paris 1834–1917 Paris / The Met

    The sitter for this likeness is thought to be Mathilde Musson, one of Degas's cousins in New Orleans.
    Degas made a number of pictures featuring Mathilde and her two sisters when he visited the family during the fall and winter of 1872 - 73.
    The women can be difficult to tell apart, but the tilt of the head and the intelligent, sidelong gaze seen here closely resemble the figure of Mathilde in another, more finished pastel (Ordrupgaard, Copenhagen).

Apple Blossoms

French, Paris 1817–1878 Paris / The Met

    Théophile Gautier extolled Daubigny's landscapes as "pieces of nature cut out and set into golden frames."
    The artist first painted flowering orchards about 1857, reprising the motif almost every spring.
    His unpretentious subject matter, rendered with rapid, summary brushstrokes, soon earned the admiration of younger colleagues like Monet.
    By the time of this canvas in 1873, Daubigny, had, in turn, assimilated their high-keyed palette, evident in the vivid green foliage and bright blue sky.
    That same year, Monet painted two views of blossoming fruit trees, one of which is in the Metropolitan's collection (26.186.1).

彫鐫画譜 Album of Designs for Metal Carving (Chōsen Gafu)

Japanese, active mid-19th century / The Met

    This is the personal sketchbook of sword fittings maker Ranzan Tsuneyuki.
    The sketchbook contains monochrome and colored pen and ink sketches as well as drawings of existing works that served the artist as model and as inspiration alike.
    Such sketchbooks were kept for personal use and not intended to be viewed by the public, although they were given to students for study purposes.

A Woman Reading

French, Paris 1796–1875 Paris / The Met

    In 1869, the seventy-two-year-old Corot showed A Woman Reading at the Salon.
    The critic Théophile Gautier praised its naïveté and its color but criticized the faulty drawing of the woman.
    Although the artist had painted similar studies for about a decade, this was the first and one of the very few that he exhibited.
    Corot returned to the canvas soon after the Salon; he reworked the landscape but left the figure intact.


founded 1735 / The Met

    The cameos, probably carved in a Neapolitan workshop, are based on ancient models as well as on work of the nineteenth-century sculptors Antonio Canova (1757 - 1822) and Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770 - 1844).
    This unique casket may have been commissioned from the London firm Garrard & Co., Crown Jewelers from 1843 until 2007, by a client who purchased the cameos during a visit to Italy.

The Pink Dress (Albertie-Marguerite Carré, later Madame Ferdinand-Henri Himmes, 1854–1935)

From 14th Century To 15th Century

From 14th Century To 15th Century

During the 14th and 15th centuries, artists in Europe began to break away from the traditional Gothic style. They began to experiment with new techniques and styles, resulting in a period of great creativity and innovation in the arts. Some of the most famous artworks from this period include the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, and the sculptures of Donatello. Box with Romance Scenes     This coffret illustrated with scenes from Arthurian and other courtly literature of the M
-5 min read
From 1819 To 1826

From 1819 To 1826

The 19th century was a time of great change in the world of art. Artists began to experiment with new styles and media, and the art world was forever changed as a result. Some of the most famous artists of the time include Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Pablo Picasso. The Falls of Niagara     The painting is of Niagara Falls from the Canadian side.     The painting is based on a vignette of the falls from a map of North America published by Henry S. Tanner in 1822. Heroic Landscape w
-4 min read
From 1787 To 1800

From 1787 To 1800

The 18th century was a time of great change in the world of art. New styles and genres emerged, and artists began to experiment with new techniques and materials. The art of the 18th century reflected the changing times, and the growing interest in the natural world and the human form. Elizabeth Farren (born about 1759, died 1829), Later Countess of Derby     The Irish actress Elizabeth Farren made her London debut in 1777 and soon became one of the most popular comic performers of the day.  
-5 min read