Eyes to behold stunning artworks in world-class museums.


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Hills are a common feature of the landscape, and have been represented in art since ancient times. The Metropolitan Museum has a number of artworks depicting hills, from various cultures and periods. These artworks provide a glimpse into how different cultures have viewed and represented hills over time.

Mountainous Landscape at Tivoli

Flemish, Antwerp 1755–1813 Naples / The Met

    This sketch may depict the hills to the north of the road into Tivoli from Vicovaro.
    The sketch is likely related to the view Denis painted of the latter town (2003.42.22) that is underscored not only by its size but by its sensibility.
    Denis defines the recession of landscape elements - from the field in the foreground to the line of trees and the escarpment beyond - mostly in green tones, with contrasting pink in the sky.

Odalisque in Grisaille

French, Montauban 1780–1867 Paris / The Met

    This is an unfinished repetition, reduced in size and much simplified, of the celebrated Grande Odalisque of 1814 (Musée du Louvre, Paris), an imagined concubine in a Middle Eastern harem.
    The painting was central to Ingres's conception of ideal beauty, and its influence was bolstered by his longevity:Ingres continued to paint nudes like this one as late as the 1860s, by which time he had trained hundreds of followers.
    Paintings in shades of gray - en grisaille - were often made to establish variations in tone as a guide to engravers of black and white reproductive prints, but the intended purpose of this work remains uncertain.

Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania

American, Rossville, New York 1823–1900 Hastings-on-Hudson, New York / The Met

    This is an oil study for Cropsey's monumental "Valley of Wyoming" (66.113).
    The view is from a promontory called Inman's Hill, looking north across the valley, which is intersected by the Susquehanna River.
    In contrast to the large, elaborately detailed canvas, the present work was painted broadly and quickly.

Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives

French, Paris 1814–1888 Paris / The Met

    This panoramic view was commissioned from Frère by the New York collector Catharine Lorillard Wolfe by 1880, when it was first described as being in her possession.

The Great Pyramid, Giza

French, Bordeaux 1804–1868 Paris / The Met

    Dauzats traveled to Egypt with a French diplomatic mission in 1830 and painted this striking view of the Great Pyramid soon after he returned to Paris.
    In his written account of the journey (Quinze jours au Sinaï, 1839, co-authored with Alexandre Dumas), the artist marveled at the "lizard-like" physical dexterity required to scramble over the ancient monument's massive stone blocks to reach the summit.
    Dauzats traveled to Egypt with a French diplomatic mission in 1830 and painted this striking view of the Great Pyramid soon after he returned to Paris.

Lions in a Mountainous Landscape

French, Rouen 1791–1824 Paris / The Met

    This painting is an extraordinary example of Gericault's spontaneous handling of paint.
    The painting is unfinished, and was left in a state known as an esquisse, or sketch.
    The painting was known only by means of a replica (Musée du Louvre, Paris) until it was acquired by the Museum.

From 14th Century To 15th Century

From 14th Century To 15th Century

During the 14th and 15th centuries, artists in Europe began to break away from the traditional Gothic style. They began to experiment with new techniques and styles, resulting in a period of great creativity and innovation in the arts. Some of the most famous artworks from this period include the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, and the sculptures of Donatello. Box with Romance Scenes     This coffret illustrated with scenes from Arthurian and other courtly literature of the M
-5 min read
From 1819 To 1826

From 1819 To 1826

The 19th century was a time of great change in the world of art. Artists began to experiment with new styles and media, and the art world was forever changed as a result. Some of the most famous artists of the time include Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Pablo Picasso. The Falls of Niagara     The painting is of Niagara Falls from the Canadian side.     The painting is based on a vignette of the falls from a map of North America published by Henry S. Tanner in 1822. Heroic Landscape w
-4 min read
From 1787 To 1800

From 1787 To 1800

The 18th century was a time of great change in the world of art. New styles and genres emerged, and artists began to experiment with new techniques and materials. The art of the 18th century reflected the changing times, and the growing interest in the natural world and the human form. Elizabeth Farren (born about 1759, died 1829), Later Countess of Derby     The Irish actress Elizabeth Farren made her London debut in 1777 and soon became one of the most popular comic performers of the day.  
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