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From 1889 To 1895

5 min read
From 1889 To 1895

The 19th century was a period of great change in the world of art. The traditional hierarchy of the art world was challenged, and new styles and movements emerged. The Industrial Revolution led to new technologies and materials that artists could use, and the rise of the middle class created a new market for art.

Tabernacle House Altar with the Adoration of the Shepherds, the Adoration of the Magi, and the Annunciation.

German, Erkelenz 1827–1909 Aachen / The Met

    This tabernacle house altar contains reverse-painted glass panels depicting the Adoration of the Shepherds, the Adoration of the Magi, and the Annunciation, which were probably painted in Lombardy in the second half of the sixteenth century.
    The wooden frame, however, was made in the nineteenth century, probably by Reinhold Vasters (1827-1909) or someone in his workshop.
    Vasters was a highly skilled German silversmith and goldsmith who for a time served as restorer at the Aachen Cathedral treasury.
   There, in the spirit of nineteenth-century historicism, he not only restored but also replaced worn or damaged liturgical objects
   It is likely that the Lehman tabernacle house altar was made expressly to house a set of sixteenth-century reverse-painted panels

Still Life with Apples and a Pot of Primroses

French, Aix-en-Provence 1839–1906 Aix-en-Provence / The Met

    Cezanne rarely painted flowering plants or fresh-cut bouquets, which were susceptible to wilting under his protracted gaze.
    He included potted plants only in three still lifes, two views of the conservatory at Jas de Bouffan, his family's estate, and about a dozen exquisite watercolors made over the course of two decades (from about 1878 to 1906).
    Cézanne seems to have reserved this particular table, with its scalloped apron and distinctive bowed legs, for three of his finest still lifes of the 1890s.


American, Dublin 1848–1907 Cornish, New Hampshire / The Met

    The Diana statue was originally on top of Madison Square Garden's tower.
    Saint-Gaudens made three different versions of the statue.
    The second version of the statue is on display in the Charles Engelhard Court of the American Wing.

The Shepherd's Song

French, Lyons 1824–1898 Paris / The Met

    This painting is based on a mural that Puvis made for the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Lyons.
    The pipe-playing shepherd and draped figures pay homage to the poetry and grace of classical antiquity, which Puvis revered as the epitome of beauty.
    Their rhythmic poses and absorbed demeanor impart a mood of dreamlike serenity to the scene.
    Pale colors, minimal modeling, and limited detail create an effect of great simplicity and restraint.


Dutch, Zundert 1853–1890 Auvers-sur-Oise / The Met

    In May 1890, just before he checked himself out of the asylum at Saint-Remy, Van Gogh painted four exuberant bouquets of spring flowers, the only still lifes of any ambition he had undertaken during his year long stay:two of irises, two of roses, in contrasting color schemes and formats.
    In the Museum's Irises he sought a "harmonious and soft" effect by placing the "violet" flowers against a "pink background," which have since faded due to his use of fugitive red pigments.
    Another work from this series, Roses (1993.400.5), hangs in the adjacent gallery.

Madame Cézanne (Hortense Fiquet, 1850–1922) in a Red Dress

French, Aix-en-Provence 1839–1906 Aix-en-Provence / The Met

    This is the only one of the four portraits of Madame Cezanne to show her in an elaborately furnished interior.
    Seated in a high-backed yellow chair and wedged between well-placed props that seem to bend to her form and shift to her weight, Madame Cezanne is the lynchpin of a tilting, spatially complex composition.

Chrysanthemums in the Garden at Petit-Gennevilliers

French, Paris 1848–1894 Gennevilliers / The Met

    Caillebotte's interest in floral subjects did not develop until the 1880s.
    This work of 1893 depicts flowers that he cultivated on his property at Petit-Gennevilliers.
    Chrysanthemums were hugely popular in France, celebrated for their resplendent colors and associations with East Asia.

Sahurs Meadows in Morning Sun

From 14th Century To 15th Century

From 14th Century To 15th Century

During the 14th and 15th centuries, artists in Europe began to break away from the traditional Gothic style. They began to experiment with new techniques and styles, resulting in a period of great creativity and innovation in the arts. Some of the most famous artworks from this period include the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, and the sculptures of Donatello. Box with Romance Scenes     This coffret illustrated with scenes from Arthurian and other courtly literature of the M
-5 min read
From 1819 To 1826

From 1819 To 1826

The 19th century was a time of great change in the world of art. Artists began to experiment with new styles and media, and the art world was forever changed as a result. Some of the most famous artists of the time include Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Pablo Picasso. The Falls of Niagara     The painting is of Niagara Falls from the Canadian side.     The painting is based on a vignette of the falls from a map of North America published by Henry S. Tanner in 1822. Heroic Landscape w
-4 min read
From 1787 To 1800

From 1787 To 1800

The 18th century was a time of great change in the world of art. New styles and genres emerged, and artists began to experiment with new techniques and materials. The art of the 18th century reflected the changing times, and the growing interest in the natural world and the human form. Elizabeth Farren (born about 1759, died 1829), Later Countess of Derby     The Irish actress Elizabeth Farren made her London debut in 1777 and soon became one of the most popular comic performers of the day.  
-5 min read